ENGIE Laborelec is a leading expertise and research centre in electrical power technology. Drawing on the skills of 240 highly specialised engineers and technicians, the company is active on the whole electricity value chain and backs a large set of customers in the fields of generation, transmission, distribution, storage and final use, with a particular focus upon the energy transition and the 3 D’s – decentralisation, decarbonisation and digitalisation.
Why did you participate in this test?
Due to previous works performed at TCM and our collaborations with different technology providers, we performed particle number and size testing of aerosols in flue gases.We also did some characterization of the CO2 product stream.
Briefly describe your project on TCM
- What has your contribution been? We performed particle count measurements up- and downstream the aged BDU filter, to assess its performance.
- Which results are you most proud of? ENGIE Laborelec has a good collaboration with TCM dating back to 2015. ELPI+ measurement have proved their value to research and helped in understanding the issue of aerosol entrained solvent emissions.
- TCM’s importance to your results?
- What would you emphasise as TCM’s three main benefits as a test arena?
- Good support and hosting by competent staff
- Top facility with good access and extensive measurement capabilities.
- World renowned carbon capture demonstration plant
- What would you emphasise as TCM’s three main benefits as a test arena?
Papers in International Peer-Reviewed Journals
Mertens, J., P. Khakharia, P. Rogiers, H. Lepaumier, J. Blondeau, E. Goetheer, B. Schallert, K. Schaber and I. Moretti, 2017. Prevention of mist formation in amine based carbon capture: field testing using a Wet ElectroStatic Precipitator (WESP) and a Gas-Gas-Heater (GGH). Energy Procedia, 114, 987-999
Lombardo, G., B.F. Fostås, M.I. Shah, A. K. Morken, O. A. Hvidtsten, J. Mertens and E. S. Hamborg, 2017. Results from aerosol measurement in amine plants treating gas turbine and refinery catalytic cracker flue gases at the CO2 Technology Centre Mongstad. Energy Procedia, 114, 1210-1230
Dhingra, S., P. Khakharia, A. Rieder, A. Cousins, A. Reynolds, J. Knudsen, J. Andersen, B. Schallert, R. Irons, J. Mertens, M. Abu Zahra, P. van Os and E. Goetheer, 2017. Understanding and modelling the effect of dissolved metals on solvent degradation based on pilot plant experience. Energies, 10(5), 629; doi:10.3390/en10050629,
Khakharia, P., L. Brachert, J. Mertens, C. Anderlohr, A. Huizinga, E.S. Fernandez, B. Schallert, K. Schaber, T.J.H. Vlugt and E. Goetheer, 2015. Understanding aerosol based emissions in a Post Combustion CO2 Capture process: parameter testing and mechanisms. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control; 34; 63-74
Anderlohr, C., L. Brachert, J. Mertens and K. Schaber, 2015. Collection and Generation of Sulfuric Acid Aerosols in a Wet Electrostatic Precipitator. Aerosol Science and Technology, 49;144-151
Khakharia, P., J. Mertens, A. Huizinga, S. de Vroey, F.E. Sanchez, S. Srinivasan,T. Vlugt and E. Goetheer, 2015. Online corrosion monitoring in a Post Combustion CO2 capture pilot plant and its relation to solvent degradation and ammonia emissions. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry research; 54, 5336–5344
Mertens, J. R. Bruns, B. Schallert, N. Faniel, P. Khakharia, W. Albrecht, E. Goetheer, J. Blondeau and K. Schaber, 2015. Effect of a Gas-Gas-Heater on H2SO4 aerosol formation: implications for mist formation in amine based carbon capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control; 39, 470-477
Brachert, L., J. Mertens, P. Khakharia and K. Schaber, 2014. The Challenge of Measuring Sulfuric Acid Aerosols: Number Concentration and Size Evaluation using a Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) and an Electrical Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI+). Journal of aerosol science, 61; 21-27
Mertens, J., C. Anderlohr, P. Rogiers, L. Brachert, P. Khakharia, E. Goetheer and K. Schaber, 2014. A Wet Electrostatic Precipitator (WESP) as countermeasure to mist formation in amine based carbon capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 31; 175-181
Mertens, J., L. . Brachert, D. Desagher , M.L. Thielens, P. Khakharia, E. Goetheer and K. Schaber, 2014. ELPI+ measurements of aerosol growth in an amine absorption column. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 23; 44-50
Mertens, J. L. Brachert, D. Desagher, B. Schallert, P. Khakaria and E. Goetheer, 2014. Predicting amine mist formation based on aerosol number concentration and size measurements in flue gases. Energy Procedia, 63; 893-901
Raynal, L., P. Briot, M. Dreillard, P. Broutin, A. Mangiaracina, B. Salghetti Drioli, M. Politi, C. La Marca, J. Mertens, M. L. Thielens, G. Laborie and L. Normand, 2014. Evaluation of the DMX process for industrial pilot demonstration – methodology and results. Energy Procedia, 63;6298-6309
Khakharia, P., T.J.H. Thijs and E. Goetheer, 2014. Predicting Aerosol Based Emissions in a Post Combustion CO2 Capture Process Using an Aspen Plus Model, Energy Procedia; 63; 911-925
Khakharia, P., L. Brachert, J. Mertens, A. Huizinga, B. Schallert, K. Schaber, T. Vlugt, and E. Goetheer, 2013. Investigation of aerosol based emission of MEA due to sulphuric acid aerosol and soot in a Post Combustion CO2 Capture process. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 19, 138-144
Mertens, J., H. Lepaumier, D. Desagher and M.L. Thielens, 2013. Understanding Ethanolamine (MEA) and ammonia emissions from amine based post combustion carbon capture: lessons learned from field tests. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 13, 72-77
Mertens, J., M. L. Thielens, J. Knudsen and J. Andersen, 2012. On-line monitoring and controlling emissions in amine post combustion carbon capture: a field test. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 6, 2-11
Presentations At International Congresses, Symposia, and Workshops: Full paper in proceedings
Lepaumier, H., P. Rogiers and J. Mertens, 2017. Development of an analytical tool for CO2 stream characterization. Oral presentation at the International Energy Agency (IEA) 4th post combustion carbon capture conference, 5 -8 September 2017, Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Kane, R. D., S. Srinivasan, P. Khakharia, E. Goetheer and J. Mertens, 2015 Plant Applications of Online Corrosion Monitoring: CO2 Capture Amine Plant Case Study. CORROSION 2015, March 15 – 19, 2015, Dallas Convention Center, United States
Mertens, J. and N. Faniel, 2014. Characterizing aerosols in flue gas using impinger methods, FTIR and ELPI+. Oral presentation at CEM 2014, 11th International Conference and Exhibitions on Emissions Monitoring. 14-16 May 2014, Istanbul, Turkey
Raynal, L., C. La Marca, J. Mertens, L. Normand and P. Broutin, 2013. Demonstration of the DMXTM process, description of the Octavius SP3 project. 2nd Post Combustion Capture Conference (PCCC2), Bergen, Norway, September 2013
Khakharia, P., L. Brachert, K. Schaber, A. Huizinga, T. Vlugt, J. Mertens, B. Schallert and E. Goetheer, 2013. Effect of number concentration of soot and H2SO4 on aerosol based emissions from a post combustion capture plant. 2nd Post Combustion Capture Conference (PCCC2), Bergen, Norway, September 2013
Mertens, J., D. Desagher, M.L. Thielens, H. Huynh and H. Lepaumier, P. Khakaria and Earl Goetheer, 2013. On- and off-line ethanolamine and ammonia emission monitoring in PCCC. 2nd Post Combustion Capture Conference (PCCC2), Bergen, Norway, September 2013
Lepaumier, H., H. Huynh, J. Mertens, D. Desagher and M.L. Thielens, 2013. Manual sampling and measurement of ethanolamine and ammonia emissions from post-combustion carbon capture. The 7th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage, Trondheim. Norway, June 2013
Presentations At International Congresses, Symposia, and Workshops: Abstract only or not published
Mertens, J., P. Khakharia, B. Schallert, E. Goetheer and K. Schaber, 2015. Aerosols in amine based carbon capture. Oral presentation at the 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage TCCS-8, in Trondheim, Norway, June 2015
Khakharia, P., J. Mertens, L. Brachtert, A. Huizinga, C. Anderlohr, B. Schallert, K. Schaber and E. Goetheer, 2015. Counter-measures for aerosol based emission. Oral presentation at the 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage TCCS-8, in Trondheim, Norway, June 2015
Brachert, P. Khakharia, J. Mertens, E. Goetheer and K. Schaber, 2014. Sulfuric Acid Aerosols in Industrial Processes, Poster presentation, Conference on
Aerosol Technology 2014, 16 – 18 June 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany
Mertens, J. 2014. Measuring aerosol numbers anMertens, J. M.L. Thielens, J. Knudsen and J. Andersen, 2011. Monitoring and impacting gaseous emissions in post combustion carbon capture. Oral presentation at the International Energy Agency (IEA) 1st post combustion carbon capture conference, 17-19 May, Abu Dhabi
Books and Chapters in Books
Overview of aerosols in postcombustion CO2 capture from P. Khakharia, J. Mertens, M.R.M. Abu-Zahra, T.J.H. Vlugt and E.L.V. Goetheer, 2016. Published in Absorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide ISBN 978-0-08-100514-9
EPRI, 2012. Working Group Review of Sampling and Analytical Methods for Amines and Amine Degradation Products in Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Technologies. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2012. 1026867.
EPRI, 2012. Review of Test Methods for Stack Emissions of Amines and Degradation Products from Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Processes. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2012. 1025020.